Problem Types
Paper Analysis
Wet End Survey
Wet End Audit
Press Section Analysis
Calender Barring
Soft Nip Calender Vibration
Winder Vibration
Calender Oxbow
Winding and Reeling
Vibration Audit

Calender Barring - Self Excited Vibration Causes Excessive Maintenance

Calender barring is a vibration problem which not only affects paper quality, but also the life of the calender rolls. When serious enough it also causes severe noise, with negative effects on worker health and safety.

Calender barring is a self-excited vibration, which means that energy from the drive is converted to vibrational energy. For this to occur a vibration feedback mechanism must exist where the vibration is sustained. The mechanism can be caliper variation induced in the upper nips of the calender stack, forcing the lower nips to vibrate, or it can be barring patterns worn into the calender rolls. Both mechanisms can also work simultaneously.

The manner in which caliper variation induced in an upper nip feeds back into a lower nip can be compared to the way a swing works in a back yard. When the swing is pushed in phase with its movement, the swing goes higher. When it is pushed against its movement, the swing very quickly stops moving. In a similar manner, if a calender roll is offset to change the nip-to-nip wrap distance, the caliper can push against the roll vibration and stop the vibration tendency. If the calender roll is in just the wrong position the vibration will be amplified and create problems.

The first step in solving calender barring is to perform offset calculations on the calender stack. These predict the individual calender roll offsets from the centerline to minimize the vibration. This procedure often gives good results. At other times the results are less than ideal, due to some of the assumptions inherent in this procedure being violated. When this happens an in-depth study is suggested.

Customers have compared the performance of our offset recommendations with other vendors and have found that ours give better results.

Willie Pruys from Fort Frances says:

Our stack has had a barring problem for as long as we can remember. Finally we asked Jake Zwart of Spectrum Technologies to recommend offsets for our stack. After installing the offsets using these recommendations, we have run our stack under a variety of operating conditions, changing both grade and speed. The stack has been running very smoothly since that time, without a trace of barring. We are really satisfied, and when it comes time to change the next stack in this mill, I will be pushing to have Jake calculate offsets for it.

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